Premise introduction

When we talked about Spring The project of the framework is in actual development , One of the powerful functions used is ( Section oriented programming ) This door AOP technology . If used properly , Its biggest function is to be less invasive and simplify our work tasks ( Save a lot of repetitive coding ), The most important point is , It allows us to... Without changing the original code , Weave into our logic , Especially when we don't have source code , And when we restore the previous logic , Just remove the agent .

AOP Dynamic proxy for

Spring AOP The conventional implementation of is cglib and jdk A dynamic proxy . Both can be achieved , Just a slight difference in performance , I won't go into details here .

  1. Whether it's JDK Dynamic agent and Cglib Realized Spring Agent mechanisms have some limitations , That is, when the generated proxy object calls the method internally ,AOP Invalid function , Because after all, it is not the call of the proxy object, but this Call to .
  2. They can only public、protected The member method of type takes effect .

Of course , There are also flexible solutions , For example, will bean Inject into itself as an attribute , Then all method calls are called through this property . Or by AopContext.currentProxy To get the proxy object . But these solutions , In the development process, developers can easily cause problems due to negligence .

therefore , If you need a more powerful and easy-to-use aop Implementation scheme , That's bytecode weaving technology aspectj. By modifying the bytecode , You can cut through all methods , Include (final、private、static Method of type ), Powerful . also spring Support aspectj The way of aop.

AOP Type of Technology

Introducing powerful Aspectj Before the technology , Let's start with AOP Technology implementation basis for classification , By weaving slices into the target class , Achieve the target class function enhancement . By section is woven into the time in the target class

  • Compile time : Use a special compiler to weave facets into the target class at compile time , It's rare , Because special compiler support is required . for example ,AspectJ compiler , Very few people come to , I haven't used it yet .
  • When loading : Bytecode editing is used to weave the cut plane into the target class during class loading , Its core idea is : In the target class class The file is JVM Before loading , The crosscutting logic is woven into the target class by a custom class loader or class file converter class In file , Then it will be modified after class Documents to JVM load . This method of weaving can be abbreviated as LTW(LoadTimeWeaving),AspectJ Of LoadTimeWeaving (LTW)
  • Runtime : The runtime is achieved by generating a dynamic proxy for the target class AOP It's a run-time weave , This is also Spring AOP Default implementation in , It also provides two ways to create dynamic proxies :JDK Built-in dynamic proxy and usage for interfaces CGLib Dynamic proxy is created by subclassing dynamically .

Here we introduce Spring Integrate AspectJ Of LTW Mechanism . It belongs to dynamic loading weaving .

LTW Problems that can be solved

  • Not spring Managed class dependency injection and aspect failure .
  • The aspect of calling methods within classes does not take effect .
  • AOP Section weaving method

LTW Principle

During class loading, the section is woven into the target class by bytecode editing technology , This way is called LTW(Load Time Weaving).

Use JDK5 Newly added java.lang.instrument package , The bytecode is converted when the class is loaded , So as to achieve AOP function .

JDK The proxy function for the proxy to access JVM Underlying components , Take this to JVM Register the class file converter , Converts the bytecode of the class file when the class is loaded ClassFileTransformer Interface . The specific direction can be studied java agent Technology is enough .

Spring To realize LTW

  • Spring By default, the weaving of sections is implemented by generating dynamic proxy at runtime , Realization AOP function , however Spring You can also use LTW Technology to implement AOP, It also provides fine-grained control , Single ClassLoader Implement class file conversion within the scope .

  • Spring Medium org.springframework.instrument.classloading.LoadTimeWeaver The interface is defined to add to the class loader ClassFileTransfomer The abstraction of

  • Spring Of LTW Support AspectJ Section of the definition , It can be used directly AspectJ Section of the syntax definition , It can also be used @AspectJ annotation , adopt java Section of a class definition .

  • Spring LTW By reading the classpath Next META-INF/aop.xml file , Gets information about the section class and the target class to be cut into , adopt LoadTimeWeaver stay ClassLoader When the class file is loaded, the cut surface is woven into the target class .

  1. Spring Through LoadTimeWeaver take Spring Provided ClassFileTransformer Sign up to ClassLoader in .

  2. During class loading , Registered ClassFileTransformer Read under the classpath META-INF/aop.xml Section class and target class information defined in the file , In the target class class The file is actually VM Weave section information before loading , Generate a new Class File bytecode , And then to VM load .

  3. Thus an instance of the target class that is created later , It's already done AOP function .

maven Dependencies and plug-ins

spring-AOP and aspectJ

spring Of maven To configure
springboot Configuration of

There will be maven aspectjWeaver package


spring Full annotation

// Turn on Aspectj Runtime weaving
@EnableLoadTimeWeaving(aspectjWeaving = AspectJWeaving.ENABLED)
// Open non spring Containers bean Dependency injection support
@ComponentScan(basePackages = "demo")
public class AppConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {}

springboot Full annotation

@EnableAsync(mode = AdviceMode.ASPECTJ)

Section class

// Give Way spring You can inject dependencies into slice objects
public class SampleAspectj {
private RestBean rbean;
@Around(value = "@annotation(rpc) ")
public void aop(ProceedingJoinPoint joinPoint,Rpc rpc) {

Object pointcut class

public class TestOriginObject { // Dependency injection
public TestService testService; // spring Section of
public void print() {
System.out.println("TestOriginObject print thread " + Thread.currentThread().toString());
} // Custom section
public void print1() {
System.out.println("TestOriginObject print1");
public class TestService { @Async
public void asyncPrint() {
System.out.println("TestService print thread " + Thread.currentThread().toString());
} public void print() {
} private static void test04() {"------------test04-----------");
} private void test03() {"------------test03-----------");
} public void test02() {"------------test02-----------");

aop.xml To configure

Put it in /src/main/resources/META-INF Under the table of contents

<!DOCTYPE aspectj PUBLIC "-//AspectJ//DTD//EN" "">
<weaver options="-showWeaveInfo -XnoInline -Xset:weaveJavaxPackages=true -Xlint:ignore -verbose -XmessageHandlerClass:org.springframework.aop.aspectj.AspectJWeaverMessageHandler">
<!-- Braid only the classes under the specified package -->
<include within="demo..*"/>
<!-- Use the specified cut class for weaving -->
<aspect name="test.SampleAspectj"/>
@EnableAsync(mode = AdviceMode.ASPECTJ)
public class AppApplication {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// initialization spring context
ApplicationContext context =, args);
// establish POJO, here TestService Will be injected into POJO in
TestOriginObject pojo = new TestOriginObject();
System.out.println("inject bean " + pojo.testService);
TestService testService = context.getBean(TestService.class);
// Normal call section
// Internal call of section
// Not spring Managed class aspect calls ,spring Section of the definition
// Not spring Managed class aspect calls , Custom section
pojo.print1(); testService.test02();
  • @EnableLoadTimeWeaving For opening LTW, Or use context:load-time-weaver/
  • @Configurable It has to be with @EnableSpringConfigured ( or context:spring-configured/) In combination with
  • @Configurable It can be specified to inject... Before or after the constructor
  • @EnableAsync or @EnableCaching You have to use ASPECTJ Pattern

@EnableAspectJAutoProxy The runtime agent seeding mode will also be started .

start-up VM Parameters


May adopt Maven Package and enter the execution mode


LTW Official documents

public class Run {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// Key code , Used to open... In the program agent
// adopt bytebuddy Get the present jvm Of Instrumentation example
Instrumentation instrumentation = ByteBuddyAgent.install();
// Activate Aspectj Proxy object of
Agent.agentmain("", instrumentation);
// Activate spring Proxy object
InstrumentationSavingAgent.agentmain("", instrumentation);
// start-up spring Containers

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