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Kafka学习笔记之kafka常见报错及解决方法(topic类、生产消费类、启动类)

0x01 启动报错

1.1 第一种错误

2017-02-17 17:25:29,224] FATAL Fatal error during KafkaServer startup. Prepare to shutdown (kafka.server.KafkaServer)

kafka.common.KafkaException: Failed to acquire lock on file .lock in /var/log/kafka-logs. A Kafka instance in another process or thread is using this directory.

at kafka.log.LogManager$$anonfun$lockLogDirs$1.apply(LogManager.scala:100)

at kafka.log.LogManager$$anonfun$lockLogDirs$1.apply(LogManager.scala:97)

at scala.collection.TraversableLike$$anonfun$map$1.apply(TraversableLike.scala:234)

at scala.collection.TraversableLike$$anonfun$map$1.apply(TraversableLike.scala:234)

at scala.collection.IndexedSeqOptimized$class.foreach(IndexedSeqOptimized.scala:33)

at scala.collection.mutable.WrappedArray.foreach(WrappedArray.scala:35)

at scala.collection.TraversableLike$class.map(TraversableLike.scala:234)

at scala.collection.AbstractTraversable.map(Traversable.scala:104)

at kafka.log.LogManager.lockLogDirs(LogManager.scala:97)

at kafka.log.LogManager.<init>(LogManager.scala:59)

at kafka.server.KafkaServer.createLogManager(KafkaServer.scala:609)

at kafka.server.KafkaServer.startup(KafkaServer.scala:183)

at io.confluent.support.metrics.SupportedServerStartable.startup(SupportedServerStartable.java:100)

at io.confluent.support.metrics.SupportedKafka.main(SupportedKafka.java:49)

解决方法:Failed to acquire lock on file .lock in /var/log/kafka-logs.--问题原因是有其他的进程在使用kafka,ps -ef|grep kafka,杀掉使用该目录的进程即可;

1.2 第二种错误:对index文件无权限

把文件的权限更改为正确的用户名和用户组即可;

目录/var/log/kafka-logs/,其中__consumer_offsets-29是偏移量;

1.3 第三种生产消费报错:jaas连接有问题

kafka_client_jaas.conf文件配置有问题

16环境上

/opt/dataload/filesource_wangjuan/conf下kafka_client_jaas.conf
 

KafkaClient {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

keyTab="/home/client/keytabs/client.keytab"

serviceName="kafka"

principal="client/dcp@DCP.COM";

};

0x02 生产者报错

2.1 第一种:生产者向topic发送消息失败

[2017-03-09 09:16:00,982] [ERROR] [startJob_Worker-10] [DCPKafkaProducer.java line:62] produceR向topicdf02211发送信息出现异常

org.apache.kafka.common.KafkaException: Failed to construct kafka producer

at org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer.<init>(KafkaProducer.java:335)

原因是配置文件:kafka_client_jaas.conf中配置有问题,keyTab的路径不对,导致的;

2.2 第二种:生产消费报错: Failed to construct kafka producer

报错关键信息:Failed to construct kafka producer

解决方法:配置文件问题:KafkaClient中serviceName应该是kafka,之前配置成了zookeeper;重启后,就好了;

配置文件如下:

KafkaServer {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

useTicketCache=false

serviceName=kafka

keyTab="/etc/security/keytabs/kafka.service.keytab"

principal="kafka/dcp16@DCP.COM";

};

KafkaClient {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

serviceName=kafka

keyTab="/etc/security/keytabs/kafka.service.keytab"

principal="kafka/dcp16@DCP.COM";

};

Client {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

useTicketCache=false

serviceName=zookeeper

keyTab="/etc/security/keytabs/kafka.service.keytab"

principal="kafka/dcp16@DCP.COM";

};

问题描述:

[kafka@DCP16 bin]$ ./kafka-console-producer --broker-list DCP16:9092 --topic topicin050511 --producer.config ../etc/kafka/producer.properties

org.apache.kafka.common.KafkaException: Failed to construct kafka producer

at org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer.<init>(KafkaProducer.java:335)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer.<init>(KafkaProducer.java:188)

at kafka.producer.NewShinyProducer.<init>(BaseProducer.scala:40)

at kafka.tools.ConsoleProducer$.main(ConsoleProducer.scala:45)

at kafka.tools.ConsoleProducer.main(ConsoleProducer.scala)

Caused by: org.apache.kafka.common.KafkaException: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Conflicting serviceName values found in JAAS and Kafka configs value in JAAS file zookeeper, value in Kafka config kafka

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.SaslChannelBuilder.configure(SaslChannelBuilder.java:86)

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.ChannelBuilders.create(ChannelBuilders.java:70)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.ClientUtils.createChannelBuilder(ClientUtils.java:83)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer.<init>(KafkaProducer.java:277)

... 4 more

Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Conflicting serviceName values found in JAAS and Kafka configs value in JAAS file zookeeper, value in Kafka config kafka

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.kerberos.KerberosLogin.getServiceName(KerberosLogin.java:305)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.kerberos.KerberosLogin.configure(KerberosLogin.java:103)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.authenticator.LoginManager.<init>(LoginManager.java:45)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.authenticator.LoginManager.acquireLoginManager(LoginManager.java:68)

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.SaslChannelBuilder.configure(SaslChannelBuilder.java:78)

... 7 more

[kafka@DCP16 bin]$ ./kafka-console-producer --broker-list DCP16:9092 --topic topicin050511 --producer.config ../etc/kafka/producer.properties

2.3 消费时报错: ERROR Unknown error when running consumer: (kafka.tools.ConsoleConsumer$)

[root@DCP16 bin]# ./kafka-console-consumer --zookeeper dcp18:2181,dcp16:2181,dcp19:2181/kafkakerberos --from-beginning --topic topicout050511 --new-consumer --consumer.config ../etc/kafka/consumer.properties --bootstrap-server DCP16:9092

[2017-05-07 22:24:37,479] ERROR Unknown error when running consumer: (kafka.tools.ConsoleConsumer$)

org.apache.kafka.common.KafkaException: Failed to construct kafka consumer

at org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer.<init>(KafkaConsumer.java:702)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer.<init>(KafkaConsumer.java:587)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer.<init>(KafkaConsumer.java:569)

at kafka.consumer.NewShinyConsumer.<init>(BaseConsumer.scala:53)

at kafka.tools.ConsoleConsumer$.run(ConsoleConsumer.scala:64)

at kafka.tools.ConsoleConsumer$.main(ConsoleConsumer.scala:51)

at kafka.tools.ConsoleConsumer.main(ConsoleConsumer.scala)

Caused by: org.apache.kafka.common.KafkaException: javax.security.auth.login.LoginException: Could not login: the client is being asked for a password, but the Kafka client code does not currently support obtaining a password from the user. not available to garner authentication information from the user

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.SaslChannelBuilder.configure(SaslChannelBuilder.java:86)

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.ChannelBuilders.create(ChannelBuilders.java:70)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.ClientUtils.createChannelBuilder(ClientUtils.java:83)

at org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer.<init>(KafkaConsumer.java:623)

... 6 more

Caused by: javax.security.auth.login.LoginException: Could not login: the client is being asked for a password, but the Kafka client code does not currently support obtaining a password from the user. not available to garner authentication information from the user

at com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule.promptForPass(Krb5LoginModule.java:899)

at com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule.attemptAuthentication(Krb5LoginModule.java:719)

at com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule.login(Krb5LoginModule.java:584)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)

at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext.invoke(LoginContext.java:762)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext.access$000(LoginContext.java:203)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext$4.run(LoginContext.java:690)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext$4.run(LoginContext.java:688)

at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext.invokePriv(LoginContext.java:687)

at javax.security.auth.login.LoginContext.login(LoginContext.java:595)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.authenticator.AbstractLogin.login(AbstractLogin.java:69)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.kerberos.KerberosLogin.login(KerberosLogin.java:110)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.authenticator.LoginManager.<init>(LoginManager.java:46)

at org.apache.kafka.common.security.authenticator.LoginManager.acquireLoginManager(LoginManager.java:68)

at org.apache.kafka.common.network.SaslChannelBuilder.configure(SaslChannelBuilder.java:78)

衍生问题:

kafka生产消息就会报错:

[2017-05-07 23:17:16,240] ERROR Error when sending message to topic topicin050511 with key: null, value: 0 bytes with error: (org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.internals.ErrorLoggingCallback)

org.apache.kafka.common.errors.TimeoutException: Failed to update metadata after 60000 ms.

把KafkaClient更改为如下的配置,就可以 了:

KafkaClient {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useTicketCache=true;

};

0x03消费者报错

3.1 第一种错误:replication factor: 1 larger than available brokers: 0

消费时报错:Error while executing topic command : replication factor: 1 larger than available brokers: 0

解决办法:/confluent-3.0.0/bin 下重启daemon

./kafka-server-stop -daemon ../etc/kafka/server.properties

./kafka-server-start -daemon ../etc/kafka/server.properties

然后zk重启;sh zkCli.sh -server ai186;

/usr/hdp/2.4.2.0-258/zookeeper/bin/zkCli.sh --脚本的目录

如果还报错,可以查看配置文件中下面的配置:

zookeeper.connect=dcp18:2181/kafkakerberos; --是group名称

3.2 第二种错误:TOPIC_AUTHORIZATION_FAILED

./bin/kafka-console-consumer --zookeeper DCP185:2181,DCP186:2181,DCP187:2181/kafka --from-beginning --topic wangjuan_topic1 --new-consumer --consumer.config ./etc/kafka/consumer.properties --bootstrap-server DCP187:9092

[2017-03-02 13:44:38,398] WARN The configuration zookeeper.connection.timeout.ms = 6000 was supplied but isn't a known config. (org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerConfig)

[2017-03-02 13:44:38,575] WARN Error while fetching metadata with correlation id 1 : {wangjuan_topic1=TOPIC_AUTHORIZATION_FAILED} (org.apache.kafka.clients.NetworkClient)

[2017-03-02 13:44:38,677] WARN Error while fetching metadata with correlation id 2 : {wangjuan_topic1=TOPIC_AUTHORIZATION_FAILED} (org.apache.kafka.clients.NetworkClient)

[2017-03-02 13:44:38,780] WARN Error while fetching metadata with correlation id 3 : {wangjuan_topic1=TOPIC_AUTHORIZATION_FAILED} (org.apache.kafka.clients.NetworkClient)

解决方法:配置文件中下面的参数中的User的U必须是大写;

super.users=User:kafka

或者有可能是server.properties中的adver.listen的IP是不对的,有可能是代码中写死的IP;

3.3 第三种错误的可能的解决方法:

无法消费,则查看kafka的启动日志中的报错信息:日志文件的所属组不对,应该是hadoop;

或者,查看kafka对应的zookeeper的配置后缀,是否已经更改,如果更改了,则topic需要重新生成才行;

3.4 第四种错误:消费的tomcat报错

[2017-04-01 06:37:21,823] [INFO] [Thread-5] [AbstractCoordinator.java line:542] Marking the coordinator DCP187:9092 (id: 2147483647 rack: null) dead for group test-consumer-group

[2017-04-01 06:37:21,825] [WARN] [Thread-5] [ConsumerCoordinator.java line:476] Auto offset commit failed for group test-consumer-group: Commit offsets failed with retriable exception. You should retry committing offsets.

更改代码中,tomcat的心跳超时时间如下:

没有改之前的:;

./webapps/web/WEB-INF/classes/com/ai/bdx/dcp/hadoop/service/impl/DCPKafkaConsumer.class;

重启后,日志中显示:

[2017-04-01 10:14:56,167] [INFO] [Thread-5] [AbstractCoordinator.java line:542] Marking the coordinator DCP187:9092 (id: 2147483647 rack: null) dead for group test-consumer-group

[2017-04-01 10:14:56,286] [INFO] [Thread-5] [AbstractCoordinator.java line:505] Discovered coordinator DCP187:9092 (id: 2147483647 rack: null) for group test-consumer-group.

0x04 创建topic时错误

创建topic时报错:

[2017-04-10 10:32:23,776] WARN SASL configuration failed: javax.security.auth.login.LoginException: Checksum failed Will continue connection to Zookeeper server without SASL authentication, if Zookeeper server allows it. (org.apache.zookeeper.ClientCnxn)

Exception in thread "main" org.I0Itec.zkclient.exception.ZkAuthFailedException: Authentication failure

at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.waitForKeeperState(ZkClient.java:946)

at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.waitUntilConnected(ZkClient.java:923)

at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.connect(ZkClient.java:1230)

at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.<init>(ZkClient.java:156)

at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.<init>(ZkClient.java:130)

at kafka.utils.ZkUtils$.createZkClientAndConnection(ZkUtils.scala:75)

at kafka.utils.ZkUtils$.apply(ZkUtils.scala:57)

at kafka.admin.TopicCommand$.main(TopicCommand.scala:54)

at kafka.admin.TopicCommand.main(TopicCommand.scala)

问题定位:是jaas文件有问题:

解决方法:server.properties文件中的super.user要和jaas文件中的keytab的principle一致;

server.properties:super.users=User:client

kafka_server_jaas.conf文件改为:

 

KafkaServer {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

useTicketCache=false

serviceName=kafka

keyTab="/data/data1/confluent-3.0.0/kafka.keytab"

principal="kafka@DCP.COM";

};

 

KafkaClient {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

keyTab="/home/client/client.keytab"

principal="client/DCP187@DCP.COM";

};

 

Client {
com.sun.security.auth.module.Krb5LoginModule required

useKeyTab=true

storeKey=true

useTicketCache=false

serviceName=zookeeper

keyTab="/home/client/client.keytab"

principal="client/DCP187@DCP.COM";

};

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https://cloud.tencent.com/developer/article/1765047

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