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nginx:反向代理到grpc server

1.nginx 反向代理到grpc

  • http
  • http v2 (grpc)

后端golang使用了grpc开发了部分微服务,访问时直接使用端口请求。

  • 安全隐患,需要开放端口.
  • grpc的go服务器,没有前置的nginx作为缓冲,难以支持大量请求。
  • 直接让公网的请求连接到go编写的grpc的服务,遇到慢请求时,会被拖垮。
    • eg:每一个客户端的请求上传大文件时,占用一个grpc连接, 公网耗时较长, 且grpc server处理效率较低.
    • eg:nginx在接收到上传的文件后,代理请求, 在内网直接连接go grpc server, 优于外网直接连接.

2.grpc app 配置

grpc app: 端口

127.0.0.1:9091
127.0.0.1:9092

3.nginx conf

grpcapp.conf:

upstream grpcservers {
    hash $request_uri;
    server 127.0.0.1:9002;
    server 127.0.0.1:9003;
}

server {
    listen  9090  http2;
    access_log  ./logs/grpc_app/api.access.log ;
    error_log  ./logs/grpc_app/api.errors.log ;
    location / {
        grpc_pass grpc://grpcservers; 
        grpc_connect_timeout 300;
        grpc_read_timeout 300;
        grpc_send_timeout 300;
    }
}

其中使用了grpc_xxx开始的指令,nginx需要支持http v2 相关的模块来支持grpc_xx指令。

4.nginx 如何支持grpc 模块

  • enable http v2
  • make

4.1在nginx源码目录下进行配置(开启http_v2)

#--with-http_v2_module  enable ngx_http_v2_module
./auto/configure --prefix=`pwd` --with-debug  --with-http_v2_module

./auto/configure会自动完成obj/Makefile的http v2相关依赖配置。

4.2 针对CLion的CMakeList.txt

参考

1.头文件依赖:

src/http/v2

2.nginx模块依赖:

    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_filter_module.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_table.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_encode.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_huff_decode.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_huff_encode.c
    src/http/v2/ngx_http_v2_module.c
    src/http/modules/ngx_http_grpc_module.c

grpc 实现了哪些指令

src/http/modules/ngx_http_grpc_module.c 实现的指令:

  • grpc_pass
  • grpc_bind
  • grpc_socket_keepalive
  • grpc_connect_timeout
  • grpc_send_timeout
  • grpc_intercept_errors
  • grpc_buffer_size
  • grpc_read_timeout
  • grpc_next_upstream
  • grpc_next_upstream_tries
  • grpc_next_upstream_timeout
  • grpc_set_header
  • grpc_pass_header
  • grpc_hide_header
  • grpc_ignore_headers

ssl:

  • grpc_ssl_session_reuse
  • grpc_ssl_protocols
  • grpc_ssl_ciphers
  • grpc_ssl_name
  • grpc_ssl_server_name
  • grpc_ssl_verify
  • grpc_ssl_verify_depth
  • grpc_ssl_trusted_certificate
  • grpc_ssl_crl
  • grpc_ssl_certificate
  • grpc_ssl_certificate_key
  • grpc_ssl_password_file
static ngx_command_t  ngx_http_grpc_commands[] = {

    { ngx_string("grpc_pass"),
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LIF_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_http_grpc_pass,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_bind"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE12,
      ngx_http_upstream_bind_set_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.local),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_socket_keepalive"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_FLAG,
      ngx_conf_set_flag_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.socket_keepalive),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_connect_timeout"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_msec_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.connect_timeout),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_send_timeout"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_msec_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.send_timeout),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_intercept_errors"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_FLAG,
      ngx_conf_set_flag_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.intercept_errors),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_buffer_size"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_size_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.buffer_size),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_read_timeout"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_msec_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.read_timeout),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_next_upstream"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_1MORE,
      ngx_conf_set_bitmask_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.next_upstream),
      &ngx_http_grpc_next_upstream_masks },

    { ngx_string("grpc_next_upstream_tries"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_num_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.next_upstream_tries),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_next_upstream_timeout"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_msec_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.next_upstream_timeout),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_set_header"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE2,
      ngx_conf_set_keyval_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, headers_source),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_pass_header"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_array_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.pass_headers),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_hide_header"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_array_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.hide_headers),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ignore_headers"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_1MORE,
      ngx_conf_set_bitmask_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.ignore_headers),
      &ngx_http_upstream_ignore_headers_masks },

#if (NGX_HTTP_SSL)

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_session_reuse"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_FLAG,
      ngx_conf_set_flag_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.ssl_session_reuse),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_protocols"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_1MORE,
      ngx_conf_set_bitmask_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_protocols),
      &ngx_http_grpc_ssl_protocols },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_ciphers"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_ciphers),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_name"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_http_set_complex_value_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.ssl_name),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_server_name"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_FLAG,
      ngx_conf_set_flag_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.ssl_server_name),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_verify"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_FLAG,
      ngx_conf_set_flag_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, upstream.ssl_verify),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_verify_depth"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_num_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_verify_depth),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_trusted_certificate"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_trusted_certificate),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_crl"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_crl),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_certificate"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_certificate),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_certificate_key"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_conf_set_str_slot,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      offsetof(ngx_http_grpc_loc_conf_t, ssl_certificate_key),
      NULL },

    { ngx_string("grpc_ssl_password_file"),
      NGX_HTTP_MAIN_CONF|NGX_HTTP_SRV_CONF|NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF|NGX_CONF_TAKE1,
      ngx_http_grpc_ssl_password_file,
      NGX_HTTP_LOC_CONF_OFFSET,
      0,
      NULL },

#endif

      ngx_null_command
};

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本文为[hyhlinux]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://my.oschina.net/tplinuxhyh/blog/4714964

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