编程知识 cdmana.com

SpringSecurity+JWT如何做权限认证并且获取用户信息

SpringSecurity核心配置
/**
 * 对SpringSecurity的配置的扩展,支持自定义白名单资源路径和查询用户逻辑
 */
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired(required = false)
    private DynamicSecurityService dynamicSecurityService;

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity httpSecurity) throws Exception {
        ExpressionUrlAuthorizationConfigurer<HttpSecurity>.ExpressionInterceptUrlRegistry registry = httpSecurity
                .authorizeRequests();
        //不需要保护的资源路径允许访问
        for (String url : ignoreUrlsConfig().getUrls()) {
            registry.antMatchers(url).permitAll();
        }
        //允许跨域请求的OPTIONS请求
        registry.antMatchers(HttpMethod.OPTIONS)
                .permitAll();
        // 任何请求需要身份认证
        registry.and()
                .authorizeRequests()
                .anyRequest()
                .authenticated()
                // 关闭跨站请求防护及不使用session
                .and()
                .csrf()
                .disable()
                .sessionManagement()
                /***
                 * Spring Security下的枚举SessionCreationPolicy,管理session的创建策略
                 *
                 *
                 * ALWAYS
                 *
                 * 总是创建HttpSession
                 *
                 * IF_REQUIRED
                 *
                 * Spring Security只会在需要时创建一个HttpSession
                 *
                 * NEVER
                 *
                 * Spring Security不会创建HttpSession,但如果它已经存在,将可以使用HttpSession
                 *
                 * STATELESS
                 *
                 * Spring Security永远不会创建HttpSession,它不会使用HttpSession来获取SecurityContext
                 */
                .sessionCreationPolicy(SessionCreationPolicy.STATELESS)
                // 自定义权限拒绝处理类
                .and()
                .exceptionHandling()
                .accessDeniedHandler(restfulAccessDeniedHandler())
                .authenticationEntryPoint(restAuthenticationEntryPoint())
                // 自定义权限拦截器JWT过滤器
                .and()
                /**
                 * 在用户名和密码校验前添加的过滤器,如果请求中有jwt的token且有效,会取出token中的用户名,然后调用SpringSecurity的API进行登录操作。
                 */
                .addFilterBefore(jwtAuthenticationTokenFilter(), UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);
        //有动态权限配置时添加动态权限校验过滤器
        if(dynamicSecurityService!=null){
            registry.and().addFilterBefore(dynamicSecurityFilter(), FilterSecurityInterceptor.class);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth.userDetailsService(userDetailsService())
                .passwordEncoder(passwordEncoder());
    }

    @Bean
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
    }

    @Bean
    public JwtAuthenticationTokenFilter jwtAuthenticationTokenFilter() {
        return new JwtAuthenticationTokenFilter();
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }

    @Bean
    public RestfulAccessDeniedHandler restfulAccessDeniedHandler() {
        return new RestfulAccessDeniedHandler();
    }

    @Bean
    public RestAuthenticationEntryPoint restAuthenticationEntryPoint() {
        return new RestAuthenticationEntryPoint();
    }

    @Bean
    public IgnoreUrlsConfig ignoreUrlsConfig() {
        return new IgnoreUrlsConfig();
    }

    @Bean
    public JwtTokenUtil jwtTokenUtil() {
        return new JwtTokenUtil();
    }

    @ConditionalOnBean(name = "dynamicSecurityService")
    @Bean
    public DynamicAccessDecisionManager dynamicAccessDecisionManager() {
        return new DynamicAccessDecisionManager();
    }


    @ConditionalOnBean(name = "dynamicSecurityService")
    @Bean
    public DynamicSecurityFilter dynamicSecurityFilter() {
        return new DynamicSecurityFilter();
    }

    @ConditionalOnBean(name = "dynamicSecurityService")
    @Bean
    public DynamicSecurityMetadataSource dynamicSecurityMetadataSource() {
        return new DynamicSecurityMetadataSource();
    }

}

jwt:
  tokenHeader: Authorization #JWT存储的请求头
  secret: mall-admin-secret #JWT加解密使用的密钥
  expiration: 604800 #JWT的超期限时间(60*60*24*7)
  tokenHead: 'Bearer '  #JWT负载中拿到开头


secure:
  ignored:
    urls: #安全路径白名单
      - /swagger-ui.html
      - /swagger-resources/**
      - /swagger/**
      - /**/v2/api-docs
      - /**/*.js
      - /**/*.css
      - /**/*.png
      - /**/*.ico
      - /webjars/springfox-swagger-ui/**
      - /actuator/**
      - /druid/**
      - /admin/login
      - /admin/register
      - /admin/info
      - /admin/logout
      - /minio/upload
      - /admin/updatePassword

权限拦截

当客户端登录或者访问接口资源的时候,服务端先进行拦截,具体拦截代码如下:

/**
 * JWT登录授权过滤器
 */
public class JwtAuthenticationTokenFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {
    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(JwtAuthenticationTokenFilter.class);
    @Autowired
    private UserDetailsService userDetailsService;
    @Autowired
    private JwtTokenUtil jwtTokenUtil;
    @Value("${jwt.tokenHeader}")
    private String tokenHeader;
    @Value("${jwt.tokenHead}")
    private String tokenHead;

    @Override
    protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest request,
                                    HttpServletResponse response,
                                    FilterChain chain) throws ServletException, IOException {
        //获取用户请求头
        String authHeader = request.getHeader(this.tokenHeader);
        if (authHeader != null && authHeader.startsWith(this.tokenHead)) {
            String authToken = authHeader.substring(this.tokenHead.length());// The part after "Bearer "
            String username = jwtTokenUtil.getUserNameFromToken(authToken);
            LOGGER.info("checking username:{}", username);
            if (username != null && SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication() == null) {
                UserDetails userDetails = this.userDetailsService.loadUserByUsername(username);
                if (jwtTokenUtil.validateToken(authToken, userDetails)) {
                    UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken authentication = new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(userDetails, null, userDetails.getAuthorities());
                    authentication.setDetails(new WebAuthenticationDetailsSource().buildDetails(request));
                    LOGGER.info("authenticated user:{}", username);
                    
                    //为当前线程注入用户信息,后面线程获取用户信息的时候便很方便获取到用户信息
                    SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authentication);
                }
            }
        }
        chain.doFilter(request, response);
    }
}

/**
 * 动态权限过滤器,用于实现基于路径的动态权限过滤
 * Created by macro on 2020/2/7.
 */
public class DynamicSecurityFilter extends AbstractSecurityInterceptor implements Filter {

    @Autowired
    private DynamicSecurityMetadataSource dynamicSecurityMetadataSource;
    @Autowired
    private IgnoreUrlsConfig ignoreUrlsConfig;

    @Autowired
    public void setMyAccessDecisionManager(DynamicAccessDecisionManager dynamicAccessDecisionManager) {
        super.setAccessDecisionManager(dynamicAccessDecisionManager);
    }

    @Override
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
    }

    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) servletRequest;
        FilterInvocation fi = new FilterInvocation(servletRequest, servletResponse, filterChain);
        //OPTIONS请求直接放行
        if(request.getMethod().equals(HttpMethod.OPTIONS.toString())){
            fi.getChain().doFilter(fi.getRequest(), fi.getResponse());
            return;
        }
        //白名单请求直接放行
        PathMatcher pathMatcher = new AntPathMatcher();
        for (String path : ignoreUrlsConfig.getUrls()) {
            if(pathMatcher.match(path,request.getRequestURI())){
                fi.getChain().doFilter(fi.getRequest(), fi.getResponse());
                return;
            }
        }
        //此处会调用AccessDecisionManager中的decide方法进行鉴权操作
        InterceptorStatusToken token = super.beforeInvocation(fi);
        try {
            fi.getChain().doFilter(fi.getRequest(), fi.getResponse());
        } finally {
            super.afterInvocation(token, null);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
    }

    @Override
    public Class<?> getSecureObjectClass() {
        return FilterInvocation.class;
    }

    @Override
    public SecurityMetadataSource obtainSecurityMetadataSource() {
        return dynamicSecurityMetadataSource;
    }

}

/**
 * 动态权限决策管理器,用于判断用户是否有访问权限
 * Created by macro on 2020/2/7.
 */
public class DynamicAccessDecisionManager implements AccessDecisionManager {

    @Override
    public void decide(Authentication authentication, Object object,
                       Collection<ConfigAttribute> configAttributes) throws AccessDeniedException, InsufficientAuthenticationException {
        // 当接口未被配置资源时直接放行
        if (CollUtil.isEmpty(configAttributes)) {
            return;
        }
        Iterator<ConfigAttribute> iterator = configAttributes.iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            ConfigAttribute configAttribute = iterator.next();
            //需要访问的资源
            String needAuthority = configAttribute.getAttribute();

            //authentication.getAuthorities() 用户具有的资源 来自于JwtAuthenticationTokenFilter中所加入的动态资源
            for (GrantedAuthority grantedAuthority : authentication.getAuthorities()) {
                if (needAuthority.trim().equals(grantedAuthority.getAuthority())) {
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
        throw new AccessDeniedException("抱歉,您没有访问权限");
    }

    @Override
    public boolean supports(ConfigAttribute configAttribute) {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean supports(Class<?> aClass) {
        return true;
    }

}

版权声明
本文为[idslilang]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://my.oschina.net/jiansin/blog/4714939

Scroll to Top